Diabetes - What are Its Pathognomonic Signs and Symptoms?
The three pathognomonic symptoms of diabetes are polyuria, polydypsia, and polyphagia. Urination becomes more frequent as the kidneys try to draw extra water out of the blood to dilute the glucose that reached it. Polydypsia or increased thirst occurs in response to the loss of water in the blood. Insulin is the major hormone that governs the cellular uptake of glucose from the blood. If it is lacking or inefficient, the cells do not get as much energy, and the individual consequently experiences increased hunger and decreased stamina and vitality.
Do You Want To Know What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Diabetes
Diabetes also causes microvascular complications. These microvascular changes can affect the ocular blood vessels, which can result to visual difficulties and blindness. Numbness, tingling, and pain in the feet and decreased sensation in the skin, may also result from nerve damage due to diabetes.
Treatment and Prevention of Diabetes
At present, diabetes cannot be cured completely, but it can be managed to allow the patient to live as normally as possible. Diabetes management involves lifestyle modification and use of medications. Just the same, it would be better to keep diabetes at bay than to treat it. Exercise and a well-balanced diet can help prevent type 2 diabetes. There are no known measures that can prevent type 1 diabetes. Diabetic patients need to have regular check-ups too, to monitor the progression of the disease. Go here for more info on how to treat and prevent diabetes.
Complications of Unmanaged or Poorly Managed Diabetes
Without the right treatment, diabetes can lead to other serious problems. As said in the previous paragraphs, diabetes can lead to blindness. Because of microvascular changes, your feet and skin can develop sores and infections which don't heal easily. In worst cases, the lesions don't heal and the foot or leg becomes gangrenous. In these instances, amputation may be performed to prevent systemic infection. Patients with diabetes can also eventually develop kidney disorders, or die young from multi-organ damage.
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